PHP MapScript

Author:Daniel Morissette
Contact:dmorissette at mapgears.com
Author:Yewondwossen Assefa
Contact:yassefa at dmsolutions.ca

Warning

This is the old PHP MapScript documentation. It only applies to MapServer 5.6 and older.

Introduction

This is a PHP module to make MapServer’s MapScript functionalities available in a PHP Dynamically Loadable Library.

Versions Supported

PHP MapScript was originally developed for PHP-3.0.14 but after MapServer 3.5 support for PHP3 has been dropped and as of the last update of this document, PHP 4.1.2 or more recent was required.

The module has been tested and used on Linux, Solaris, *BSD, and WinNT.

How to Get More Information on PHP MapScript

Important note

  • Constant names and class member variable names are case-sensitive in PHP.
  • Several MapScript functions (all those that access files in the back end such as ms_newMapObj(), drawMap(), etc) will affect the value of the current working directory (CWD) in the PHP environment. This will be fixed eventually but in the meantime you should be careful about these side-effects.

Constants

The following MapServer constants are available:

Boolean values
MS_TRUE, MS_FALSE, MS_ON, MS_OFF, MS_YES, MS_NO
Map units
MS_INCHES, MS_FEET, MS_MILES, MS_METERS, MS_KILOMETERS, MS_DD, MS_PIXELS, MS_NAUTICALMILES
Layer types
MS_LAYER_POINT, MS_LAYER_LINE, MS_LAYER_POLYGON, MS_LAYER_RASTER, MS_LAYER_ANNOTATION, MS_LAYER_QUERY, MS_LAYER_CIRCLE, MS_LAYER_TILEINDEX, MS_LAYER_CHART
Layer/Legend/Scalebar/Class Status
MS_ON, MS_OFF, MS_DEFAULT, MS_EMBED, MS_DELETE
Layer alpha transparency
allows alpha transparent pixmaps to be used with RGB map images MS_GD_ALPHA
Font types
MS_TRUETYPE, MS_BITMAP
Label positions
MS_UL, MS_LR, MS_UR, MS_LL, MS_CR, MS_CL, MS_UC, MS_LC, MS_CC, MS_AUTO, MS_XY, MS_FOLLOW
Bitmap font styles
MS_TINY , MS_SMALL, MS_MEDIUM, MS_LARGE, MS_GIANT
Shape types
MS_SHAPE_POINT, MS_SHAPE_LINE, MS_SHAPE_POLYGON, MS_SHAPE_NULL
Shapefile types
MS_SHP_POINT, MS_SHP_ARC, MS_SHP_POLYGON, MS_SHP_MULTIPOINT
Query/join types
MS_SINGLE, MS_MULTIPLE
Querymap styles
MS_NORMAL, MS_HILITE, MS_SELECTED
Connection Types
MS_INLINE, MS_SHAPEFILE, MS_TILED_SHAPEFILE, MS_SDE, MS_OGR, MS_TILED_OGR, MS_POSTGIS, MS_WMS, MS_ORACLESPATIAL, MS_WFS, MS_GRATICULE, MS_MYGIS, MS_RASTER, MS_PLUGIN
Error codes
MS_NOERR, MS_IOERR, MS_MEMERR, MS_TYPEERR, MS_SYMERR, MS_REGEXERR, MS_TTFERR, MS_DBFERR, MS_GDERR, MS_IDENTERR, MS_EOFERR, MS_PROJERR, MS_MISCERR, MS_CGIERR, MS_WEBERR, MS_IMGERR, MS_HASHERR, MS_JOINERR, MS_NOTFOUND, MS_SHPERR, MS_PARSEERR, MS_SDEERR, MS_OGRERR, MS_QUERYERR, MS_WMSERR, MS_WMSCONNERR, MS_ORACLESPATIALERR, MS_WFSERR, MS_WFSCONNERR, MS_MAPCONTEXTERR, MS_HTTPERR, MS_WCSERR
Symbol types
MS_SYMBOL_SIMPLE, MS_SYMBOL_VECTOR, MS_SYMBOL_ELLIPSE, MS_SYMBOL_PIXMAP, MS_SYMBOL_TRUETYPE, MS_SYMBOL_CARTOLINE
Image Mode types (outputFormatObj)
MS_IMAGEMODE_PC256, MS_IMAGEMODE_RGB, MS_IMAGEMODE_RGBA, MS_IMAGEMODE_INT16, MS_IMAGEMODE_FLOAT32, MS_IMAGEMODE_BYTE, MS_IMAGEMODE_NULL
Style/Attribue binding
MS_STYLE_BINDING_SIZE, MS_STYLE_BINDING_ANGLE, MS_STYLE_BINDING_COLOR, MS_STYLE_BINDING_OUTLINECOLOR, MS_STYLE_BINDING_SYMBOL
Label/Attribute binding
MS_LABEL_BINDING_SIZE, MS_LABEL_BINDING_ANGLE, MS_LABEL_BINDING_COLOR, MS_LABEL_BINDING_OUTLINECOLOR, MS_LABEL_BINDING_FONT, MS_LABEL_BINDING_PRIORITY
Alignment
MS_ALIGN_LEFT, MS_ALIGN_CENTER, MS_ALIGN_RIGHT
OwsRequest
MS_GET_REQUEST, MS_POST_REQUEST

Functions

string ms_GetVersion()
Returns the MapServer version and options in a string. This string can be parsed to find out which modules were compiled in, etc.
int ms_GetVersionInt()
Returns the MapServer version number (x.y.z) as an integer (x*10000 + y*100 + z). (New in v5.0) e.g. V5.4.3 would return 50403.
array ms_TokenizeMap(string map_file_name)
Preparses a mapfile through the MapServer parser and return an array with one item for each token from the mapfile. Strings, logical expressions, regex expressions and comments are returned as individual tokens.
void ms_ioinstallstdouttobuffer()
Installs a mapserver IO handler directing future stdout output to a memory buffer.
void ms_ioinstallstdinfrombuffer()
Installs a mapserver IO handler directing future stdin reading (ie. post request capture) to come from a buffer.
void ms_iogetstdoutbufferstring()
Fetch the current stdout buffer contents as a string. This method does not clear the buffer.
int ms_iogetStdoutBufferBytes()
Writes the current buffer to stdout. The PHP header() function should be used to set the documents’s content-type prior to calling the function. Returns the number of bytes written if output is sent to stdout. See MapScript Wrappers for WxS Services for more info.
void ms_ioresethandlers()
Resets the default stdin and stdout handlers in place of “buffer” based handlers.
void ms_iostripstdoutbuffercontenttype()
Strip the Content-type header off the stdout buffer if it has one, and if a content type is found it is return. Otherwise return false.

Classes

The following class objects are available through PHP MapScript.

classObj

Constructor

Class Objects can be returned by the layerObj class, or can be created using:

classObj ms_newClassObj(layerObj layer [, classObj class])

The second argument class is optional. If given, the new class created will be a copy of this class.

Members

Type Name
string name
string title
int type
int status (MS_ON, MS_OFF or MS_DELETE)
double minscaledenom
double maxscaledenom
double minscale (Deprecated in v5.0, use minscaledenom instead)
double maxscale (Deprecated in v5.0, use maxscaledenom instead)
string template
labelObj label
int numstyles
string keyimage
string group
hashTableObj metadata

Methods

int updateFromString(string snippet)
Update a class from a string snippet. Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.
$oClass->updateFromString('CLASS STYLE COLOR 255 0 255 END END'); /*set the color */
int set(string property_name, new_value)
Set object property to a new value. Returns -1 on error.
int setExpression(string expression)
Set the expression string for the class object.
string getExpressionString()
Returns the expression string for the class object.
string getExpression()
Deprecated in v5.0. Use getExpressionString() instead.
int settext(string text)
Set the text string for the class object.
string getTextString()
Returns the text string for the class object.
int drawLegendIcon(int width, int height, imageObj im, int dstX, int dstY)
Draw the legend icon on im object at dstX, dstY. Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.
imageObj createLegendIcon(int width, int height)
Draw the legend icon and return a new imageObj.
styleObj getStyle(int index)
Return the style object using an index. index >= 0 && index < class->numstyles.
classObj clone()
Returns a cloned copy of the class.
int movestyleup(int index)
The style specified by the style index will be moved up into the array of classes. Returns MS_SUCCESS or MS_FAILURE. ex class->movestyleup(1) will have the effect of moving style 1 up to position 0, and the style at position 0 will be moved to position 1.
int movestyledown(int index)
The style specified by the style index will be moved down into the array of classes. Returns MS_SUCCESS or MS_FAILURE. ex class->movestyledown(0) will have the effect of moving style 0 up to position 1, and the style at position 1 will be moved to position 0.
int deletestyle(int index)
Delete the style specified by the style index. If there are any style that follow the deleted style, their index will decrease by 1.

Note

if you are using the numstyles parameter while using the deletestyle function on the class object you need to refetch a new class object.

Example :

 //class has 2 styles
$class = $oLayer->getclass(0);
$class->deletestyle(1);
echo $class->numstyles; : will echo 2

$class = $oLayer->getclass(0);
echo $class->numstyles; : will echo 1
int getMetaData(string name)
Fetch class metadata entry by name. Returns “” if no entry matches the name. Note that the search is case sensitive.

Note

getMetaData’s query is case sensitive.

int setMetaData(string name, string value)
Set a metadata entry for the class. Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.
int removeMetaData(string name)
Remove a metadata entry for the class. Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.

colorObj

Constructor

Instances of colorObj are always embedded inside other classes.

Members

Type Name
int red
int green
int blue

Methods

void setRGB(int red, int green, int blue)
Set red, green, blue values.

errorObj

Instances of errorObj are created internally by MapServer as errors happen. Errors are managed as a chained list with the first item being the most recent error. The head of the list can be fetched using ms_GetErrorObj(), and the list can be cleared using ms_ResetErrorList()

Functions

errorObj ms_GetErrorObj()
Returns a reference to the head of the list of errorObj.
void ms_ResetErrorList()
Clear the current error list. Note that clearing the list invalidates any errorObj handles obtained via the $error->next() method.

Members

Type Name
int code //See error code constants above
string routine
string message

Method

errorObj next()
Returns the next errorObj in the list, or NULL if we reached the end of the list.

Example: This example draws a map and reports all errors generated during the draw() call, errors can potentially come from multiple layers.

ms_ResetErrorList();
$img = $map->draw();
$error = ms_GetErrorObj();
while($error && $error->code != MS_NOERR)
{
    printf("Error in %s: %s<br>\n", $error->routine, $error->message);
    $error = $error->next();
}

gridObj

Constructor

The grid is always embedded inside a layer object defined as a grid (layer->connectiontype = MS_GRATICULE) (for more docs : https://github.com/mapserver/mapserver/wiki/MapServerGrid)

A layer can become a grid layer by adding a grid object to it using : ms_newGridObj(layerObj layer)

$oLayer = ms_newlayerobj($oMap);
$oLayer->set("name", "GRID");
ms_newgridobj($oLayer);
$oLayer->grid->set("labelformat", "DDMMSS");

Members

Type Name
double minsubdivide
double maxsubdivide
double minarcs
double maxacrs
double mininterval
double maxinterval
string labelformat

Methods

int set(string property_name, new_value)
Set object property to a new value.

hashTableObj

Constructor

Instance of hashTableObj is always embedded inside the classObj, layerObj, and webObj. It is uses a read only.

$hashTable = $oLayer->metadata;
$key = null;
while ($key = $hashTable->nextkey($key))
    echo "Key: ".$key." value: ".$hashTable->get($key)."<br/>";

Methods

string get(string key)
Fetch class metadata entry by name. Returns “” if no entry matches the name. Note that the search is case sensitive.
int set(string key, string value)
Set a metadata entry in the hashTable. Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.
int remove(string key)
Remove a metadata entry in the hashTable. Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.
void clear()
Clear all items in the hashTable (To NULL).
string nextkey(string previousKey)
Return the next key or first key if previousKey = NULL. Return NULL if no item is in the hashTable or end of hashTable is reached

imageObj

Constructor

Instances of imageObj are always created by the mapObj class methods.

Members

Type Name
int width (read-only)
int height (read-only)
string imagepath
string imageurl

Methods

void free()
Destroys resources used by an image object.
int saveImage(string filename, MapObj oMap)
Writes image object to specified filename. Passing an empty filename sends output to stdout. In this case, the PHP header() function should be used to set the document’s content-type prior to calling saveImage(). The output format is the one that is currently selected in the map file. The second argument oMap is not manadatory. It is usful when saving to formats like GTIFF that needs georeference information contained in the map file. The function returns -1 on error. On success, it returns either 0 if writing to an external file, or the number of bytes written if output is sent to stdout.
string saveWebImage()
Writes image to temp directory. Returns image URL. The output format is the one that is currently selected in the map file.
void pasteImage(imageObj srcImg, int transparentColorHex [[, int dstX, int dstY], int angle])
Copy srcImg on top of the current imageObj. transparentColorHex is the color (in 0xrrggbb format) from srcImg that should be considered transparent (i.e. those pixels won’t be copied). Pass -1 if you don’t want any transparent color. If optional dstx,dsty are provided then it defines the position where the image should be copied (dstx,dsty = top-left corner position). The optional angle is a value between 0 and 360 degrees to rotate the source image counterclockwise. Note that if an angle is specified (even if its value is zero) then the dstx and dsty coordinates specify the CENTER of the destination area. Note: this function works only with 8 bits GD images (PNG or GIF).

labelcacheMemberObj

Accessible only through the mapObj (map->getLabel()).

Members

Type Name
int classindex (Read-Only)
int featuresize (Read-Only)
int layerindex (Read-Only)
int numstyles (Read-Only)
int shapeindex (Read-Only)
int status (Read-Only)
string text (Read-Only)
int tileindex (Read-Only)

Method

None

labelcacheObj

Accessible only through the mapObj (map->labelcache). This object is only used to give the possibility to free the label cache (map->labelcache->free())

Method

boolean free()
Free the label cache. Returns true on success or false if an error occurs. Ex : (map->labelcache->free();

labelObj

Constructor

labelObj are always embedded inside other classes.

Members

Type Name
string font
int type
colorObj color
colorObj outlinecolor
int outlinewidth
colorObj shadowcolor
int shadowsizex
int shadowsizey
colorObj backgroundcolor
colorObj backgroundshadowcolor
int backgroundshadowsizex
int backgroundshadowsizey
int size
int minsize
int maxsize
int position
int offsetx
int offsety
double angle
int autoangle
int autofollow
int buffer
int antialias
int wrap
int minfeaturesize
int autominfeaturesize
int mindistance
int repeatdistance
int partials
int force
string encoding
int align
int maxlength
int minlength
int priority

Methods

int updateFromString(string snippet)
Update a label from a string snippet. Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.
int set(string property_name, new_value)
Set object property to a new value. Returns -1 on error.
int setBinding(const labelbinding, string value)

Set the attribute binding for a specified label property. Returns true on success.

Example:

$oLabel->setbinding(MS_LABEL_BINDING_COLOR, "FIELD_NAME_COLOR");

This would bind the color parameter with the data (ie will extract the value of the color from the field called “FIELD_NAME_COLOR”

string getBinding(const labelbinding)

Get the attribute binding for a specified label property. Returns null if there is no binding for this property.

Example:

$oLabel->setbinding(MS_LABEL_BINDING_COLOR, "FIELD_NAME_COLOR");
echo $oLabel->getbinding(MS_LABEL_BINDING_COLOR); // FIELD_NAME_COLOR
int removeBinding(const labelbinding)

Remove the attribute binding for a specfiled style property. Returns true on success.

Example:

$oStyle->removebinding(MS_LABEL_BINDING_COLOR);

layerObj

Constructor

Layer Objects can be returned by the mapObj class, or can be created using:

layerObj ms_newLayerObj(MapObj map [, layerObj layer])

A second optional argument can be given to ms_newLayerObj() to create the new layer as a copy of an existing layer. If a layer is given as argument then all members of a this layer will be copied in the new layer created.

Members

Type Name
int numclasses (read-only)
int index (read-only)
int status (MS_ON, MS_OFF, MS_DEFAULT or MS_DELETE)
int debug
string classitem
string classgroup
string name
string group
string data
int type
int dump
double tolerance
int toleranceunits
int sizeunits
double symbolscaledenom
double minscaledenom
double maxscaledenom
double labelminscaledenom
double labelmaxscaledenom
double symbolscale (Deprecated in v5.0, use symbolscaledenom instead)
double minscale (Deprecated in v5.0, use minscaledenom instead)
double maxscale (Deprecated in v5.0, use maxscaledenom instead)
double labelminscale (Deprecated in v5.0, use labelminscaledenom instead)
double labelmaxscale (Deprecated in v5.0, use labelmaxscaledenom instead)
int maxfeatures
colorObj offsite
int annotate
int transform
int labelcache
int postlabelcache
string labelitem
string labelsizeitem
string labelangleitem
string tileitem
string tileindex
string header
string footer
string connection
int connectiontype (read-only, use setConnectionType() to set it)
string filteritem
string template
int opacity
int transparency (Deprecated in v5.0. Use opacity instead.)
string styleitem
gridObj grid //only available on a layer defined as grid (MS_GRATICULE)
int num_processing
string requires
string labelrequires
hashTableObj metadata
projectionObj projection

Methods

int updateFromString(string snippet)
Update a layer from a string snippet. Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.
$oLayer->updateFromString('LAYER NAME land_fn2 END'); /*modify the name */
$oLayer->updateFromString('LAYER CLASS STYLE COLOR  255 255 0  END END END'); /*add a new class*/
int set(string property_name, new_value)
Set object property to a new value. Returns -1 on error.
int draw(imageObj image)
Draw a single layer, add labels to cache if required. Returns -1 on error.
int drawQuery(imageObj image)
Draw query map for a single layer.
classObj getClass(int classIndex)
Returns a classObj from the layer given an index value (0=first class)
int queryByPoint(pointObj point, int mode, double buffer)
Query layer at point location specified in georeferenced map coordinates (i.e. not pixels). The query is performed on all the shapes that are part of a CLASS that contains a TEMPLATE value or that match any class in a layer that contains a LAYER TEMPLATE value. Mode is MS_SINGLE or MS_MULTIPLE depending on number of results you want. Passing buffer -1 defaults to tolerances set in the map file (in pixels) but you can use a constant buffer (specified in ground units) instead. Returns MS_SUCCESS if shapes were found or MS_FAILURE if nothing was found or if some other error happened (note that the error message in case nothing was found can be avoided in PHP using the ‘@’ control operator).
int queryByRect(rectObj rect)
Query layer using a rectangle specified in georeferenced map coordinates (i.e. not pixels). The query is performed on all the shapes that are part of a CLASS that contains a TEMPLATE value or that match any class in a layer that contains a LAYER TEMPLATE value. Returns MS_SUCCESS if shapes were found or MS_FAILURE if nothing was found or if some other error happened (note that the error message in case nothing was found can be avoided in PHP using the ‘@’ control operator).
int queryByShape(shapeObj shape)
Query layer based on a single shape, the shape has to be a polygon at this point. Returns MS_SUCCESS if shapes were found or MS_FAILURE if nothing was found or if some other error happened (note that the error message in case nothing was found can be avoided in PHP using the ‘@’ control operator).
int queryByFeatures(int slayer)
Perform a query set based on a previous set of results from another layer. At present the results MUST be based on a polygon layer. Returns MS_SUCCESS if shapes were found or MS_FAILURE if nothing was found or if some other error happened (note that the error message in case nothing was found can be avoided in PHP using the ‘@’ control operator).
int queryByAttributes(string qitem, string qstring, int mode)
Query layer for shapes that intersect current map extents. qitem is the item (attribute) on which the query is performed, and qstring is the expression to match. The query is performed on all the shapes that are part of a CLASS that contains a TEMPLATE value or that match any class in a layer that contains a LAYER TEMPLATE value. Note that the layer’s FILTER/FILTERITEM are ignored by this function. Mode is MS_SINGLE or MS_MULTIPLE depending on number of results you want. Returns MS_SUCCESS if shapes were found or MS_FAILURE if nothing was found or if some other error happened (note that the error message in case nothing was found can be avoided in PHP using the ‘@’ control operator).
int setFilter(string expression)
Set layer filter expression.
string getFilterString()
Returns the expression for this layer.
string getFilter()
Deprecated in v5.0, use getFilterString() instead.
string getProjection()
Returns a string representation of the projection. If no projection is set, MS_FALSE is returned.
int setProjection(string proj_params)
Set layer projection and coordinate system. Parameters are given as a single string of comma-delimited PROJ.4 parameters.
int setWKTProjection(string proj_params)
Same as setProjection(), but takes an OGC WKT projection definition string as input.

Note

setWKTProjection requires GDAL support

int getNumResults()
Returns the number of results from this layer in the last query.
resultCacheMemberObj getResult(int index)
Returns a resultCacheMemberObj by index from a layer object with index in the range 0 to numresults-1. Returns a valid object or FALSE(0) if index is invalid.
int open()
Open the layer for use with getShape(). Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.
int whichshapes(rectobj)
Performs a spatial, and optionally an attribute based feature search. The function basically prepares things so that candidate features can be accessed by query or drawing functions (eg using nextshape function). Returns MS_SUCCESS or MS_FAILURE.
shapeobj nextShape()
Called after msWhichShapes has been called to actually retrieve shapes within a given area returns a shape object or MS_FALSE
$map = ms_newmapobj("d:/msapps/gmap-ms40/htdocs/gmap75.map");
$layer = $map->getLayerByName('road');
$status = $layer->open();
$status = $layer->whichShapes($map->extent);
while ($shape = $layer->nextShape())
{
   echo $shape->index ."<br>\n";
}
$layer->close();
void close()
Close layer previously opened with open().
shapeObj getFeature(int shapeindex [, int tileindex = -1])
Retrieve shapeObj from a layer by index. Tileindex is optional and is used only for tiled shapefiles (you get it from the resultCacheMemberObj returned by getResult() for instance). Simply omit or pass tileindex = -1 for other data sources.
shapeObj getShape(int tileindex, int shapeindex)
Deprecated in v5.0, use getFeature() instead (note that the order of the arguments is reversed since tileindex is optional in getFeature())
rectObj getExtent()
Returns the layer’s data extents. If the layer’s EXTENT member is set then this value is used, otherwise this call opens/closes the layer to read the extents. This is quick on shapefiles, but can be an expensive operation on some file formats or data sources. This function is safe to use on both opened or closed layers: it is not necessary to call open()/close() before/after calling it.
int addFeature(shapeObj shape)
Add a new feature in a layer. Returns -1 on error.
int getMetaData(string name)
Fetch layer metadata entry by name. Returns “” if no entry matches the name. Note that the search is case sensitive.

Note

getMetaData’s query is case sensitive.

int setMetaData(string name, string value)
Set a metadata entry for the layer. Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.
int removeMetaData(string name)
Remove a metadata entry for the layer. Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.
string getWMSFeatureInfoURL(int clickX, int clickY, int featureCount, string infoFormat)
Return a WMS GetFeatureInfo URL (works only for WMS layers) clickX, clickY is the location of to query in pixel coordinates with (0,0) at the top left of the image. featureCount is the number of results to return. infoFormat is the format the format in which the result should be requested. Depends on remote server’s capabilities. MapServer WMS servers support only “MIME” (and should support “GML.1” soon). Returns “” and outputs a warning if layer is not a WMS layer or if it is not queriable.
aString getItems()
return a list of items. Must call open function first.
boolean setProcessing(string)
Add the string to the processing string list for the layer. The layer->num_processing is incremented by 1.
$oLayer->setprocessing("SCALE_1=AUTO");
$oLayer->setprocessing("SCALE_2=AUTO");
aString getProcessing()
Returns an array containing the processing strings
boolean clearProcessing()
Clears all the processing strings
string executeWFSGetfeature()
Executes a GetFeature request on a WFS layer and returns the name of the temporary GML file created. Returns an empty string on error.
int applySLD(string sldxml, string namedlayer)
Apply the SLD document to the layer object. The matching between the sld document and the layer will be done using the layer’s name. If a namedlayer argument is passed (argument is optional), the NamedLayer in the sld that matchs it will be used to style the layer. See SLD HowTo for more information on the SLD support.
int applySLDURL(string sldurl, string namedlayer)
Apply the SLD document pointed by the URL to the layer object. The matching between the sld document and the layer will be done using the layer’s name. If a namedlayer argument is passed (argument is optional), the NamedLayer in the sld that matchs it will be used to style the layer. See SLD HowTo for more information on the SLD support.
string generateSLD()
Returns an SLD XML string based on all the classes found in the layers.
int moveclassup(int index)
The class specified by the class index will be moved up into the array of layers. Returns MS_SUCCESS or MS_FAILURE. ex layer->moveclassup(1) will have the effect of moving class 1 up to position 0, and the class at position 0 will be moved to position 1.
int moveclassdown(int index)
The class specified by the class index will be moved down into the array of layers. Returns MS_SUCCESS or MS_FAILURE. ex layer->moveclassdown(0) will have the effect of moving class 0 up to position 1, and the class at position 1 will be moved to position 0.
classObj removeClass(int index)
Removes the class indicated and returns a copy, or NULL in the case of a failure. Note that subsequent classes will be renumbered by this operation. The numclasses field contains the number of classes available.
boolean isVisible()
Returns MS_TRUE/MS_FALSE depending on whether the layer is currently visible in the map (i.e. turned on, in scale, etc.).
int setConnectionType(int connectiontype [,string plugin_library])
Changes the connectiontype of the layer and recreates the vtable according to the new connection type. This method should be used instead of setting the connectiontype parameter directly. In the case when the layer.connectiontype = MS_PLUGIN the plugin_library parameter should also be specified so as to select the library to load by MapServer. For the other connection types this parameter is not used.
shapeObj resultsGetShape(int shapeindex [, int tileindex = -1])
Retrieve shapeObj from a layer’s resultset by index. Tileindex is optional and is used only for tiled shapefiles (you get it from the resultCacheMemberObj returned by getResult() for instance). Simply omit or pass tileindex = -1 for other data sources. Added in MapServer 5.6.0 due to the one-pass query implementation.

legendObj

Constructor

Instances of legendObj are always are always embedded inside the mapObj.

Members

Type Name
int height
int width
int keysizex
int keysizey
int keyspacingx
int keyspacingy
colorObj outlinecolor //Color of outline of box, -1 for no outline
int status //MS_ON, MS_OFF, MS_EMBED
int position //for embedded legends, MS_UL, MS_UC, ...
int transparent (Deprecated in v4.6)
int interlace (Deprecated in v4.6)
int postlabelcache //MS_TRUE, MS_FALSE
labelObj label
colorObj imagecolor
string template

Methods

int updateFromString(string snippet)
Update a legend from a string snippet. Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.
int set(string property_name, new_value)
Set object property to a new value. Returns -1 on error.

lineObj

Constructor

LineObj ms_newLineObj()

Members

Type Name
int numpoints (read-only)

Methods

int add(pointObj point)
Add a point to the end of line.
int addXY(double x, double y [, double m])
Add a point to the end of line. It is not mandatory.

Note

the 3rd parameter m is used for measured shape files only. It is not mandatory.

int addXYZ(double x, double y, double z [, double m])
Add a point to the end of line.

Note

the 4th parameter m is used for measured shape files only. It is not mandatory.

PointObj point(int i)
Returns a reference to point number i. Reference is valid only during the life of the lineObj that contains the point.
int project(projectionObj in, projectionObj out)
Project the line from “in” projection (1st argument) to “out” projection (2nd argument). Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.
void free()
Destroys resources used by a line object.

mapObj

Constructor

mapObj ms_newMapObj(string map_file_name [, string new_map_path])
Returns a new object to deal with a MapServer map file.
mapObj ms_newMapObjFromString(string map_file_string [, string new_map_path])
Construct a new mapObj from a mapfile string. Returns a new object to deal with a MapServer map file.

Note

By default, the SYMBOLSET, FONTSET, and other paths in the mapfile are relative to the mapfile location. If new_map_path is provided then this directory will be used as the base path for all the relative paths inside the mapfile.

Members

Type Name
int numlayers (read-only)
string name
int status
int debug
int width (see setSize())
int height (see setSize())
int maxsize
outputformatObj outputformat
double resolution (pixels per inch, defaults to 72)
rectObj extent;
double cellsize
int units (map units type)
double scaledenom (read-only, set by drawMap())
double scale (Deprecated in v5.0. Use scaledenom instead)
string shapepath
int keysizex
int keysizey
int keyspacingx
int keyspacingy
webObj web
referenceMapObj reference
colorObj imagecolor
scalebarObj scalebar
legendObj legend
querymapObj querymap
string symbolsetfilename (read-only, set by setSymbolSet())
string fontsetfilename (read-only, set by setFontSet())
labelcacheObj labelcache (no members. Used only to be able to free the the label cache (ex : map->labelcache->free())
projectionObj projection
int transparent (Deprecated, use outputFormatObj)
int interlace (Deprecated, use outputFormatObj)
int imagetype (Deprecated, use outputFormatObj)
int imagequality (Deprecated, use outputFormatObj)

Methods

mapObj clone()
Returns a handle to a new mapObj which is a clone of the current mapObj. All parameters in the current mapObj are copied to the new mapObj. Returns NULL (0) on error.
int set(string property_name, new_value)
Set map object property to new value. Returns -1 on error.
int getsymbolbyname(string symbol_name)
Returns the symbol index using the name.
symbol getsymbolobjectbyid(int symbolid)
Returns the symbol object using a symbol id. Refer to the symbol object reference section for more details.
void preparequery()
Calculate the scale of the map and set map->scaledenom.
imageObj prepareImage()
Return handle on blank image object.
imageObj draw()
Render map and return handle on image object.
imageObj drawQuery()
Render a query map and return handle on image object.
imageObj drawLegend()
Render legend and return handle on image object.
imageObj drawReferenceMap()
Render reference map and return handle on image object.
imageObj drawScaleBar()
Render scale bar and return handle on image object.
int embedlegend(imageObj image)
embeds a legend. Actually the legend is just added to the label cache so you must invoke drawLabelCache() to actually do the rendering (unless postlabelcache is set in which case it is drawn right away).
int embedScalebar(imageObj image)
embeds a scalebar. Actually the scalebar is just added to the label cache so you must invoke drawLabelCache() to actually do the rendering (unless postlabelcache is set in which case it is drawn right away).
int drawLabelCache(imageObj image)
Renders the labels for a map. Returns -1 on error.
labelcacheMemberObj getLabel(int index)
Returns a labelcacheMemberObj from the map given an index value (0=first label) Labelcache has to be enabled.
while ($oLabelCacheMember = $oMap->getLabel($i)) {
/* do something with the labelcachemember */
++$i;
}
layerObj getLayer(int index)
Returns a layerObj from the map given an index value (0=first layer)
layerObj getLayerByName(string layer_name)
Returns a layerObj from the map given a layer name. Returns FALSE if layer doesn’t exist.

colorObj getcolorbyindex(int iCloIndex) Returns a colorObj corresponding to the color index in the palette

void setExtent(double minx, double miny, double maxx, double maxy)
Set the map extents using the georef extents passed in argument.
int setCenter(pointObj center)
Set the map center to the given map point. Returns MS_SUCCESS or MS_FAILURE.
int offsetExtent(double x, double y)
Offset the map extent based on the given distances in map coordinates. Returns MS_SUCCESS or MS_FAILURE.
int scaleExtent(double zoomfactor, double minscaledenom, double maxscaledenom)
Scale the map extent using the zoomfactor and ensure the extent within the minscaledenom and maxscaledenom domain. If minscaledenom and/or maxscaledenom is 0 then the parameter is not taken into account. Returns MS_SUCCESS or MS_FAILURE.
int setRotation(double rotation_angle)
Set map rotation angle. The map view rectangle (specified in EXTENTS) will be rotated by the indicated angle in the counter- clockwise direction. Note that this implies the rendered map will be rotated by the angle in the clockwise direction. Returns MS_SUCCESS or MS_FAILURE.
int setSize(int width, int height)
Set the map width and height. This method updates the internal geotransform and other data structures required for map rotation so it should be used instead of setting the width and height members directly. Returns MS_SUCCESS or MS_FAILURE.
void zoompoint(int nZoomFactor, pointObj oPixelPos, int nImageWidth, int nImageHeight, rectObj oGeorefExt)

Zoom to a given XY position.

Parameters are :
  • Zoom factor : positive values do zoom in, negative values zoom out. Factor of 1 will recenter.
  • Pixel position (pointObj) : x, y coordinates of the click, with (0,0) at the top-left
  • Width : width in pixel of the current image.
  • Height : Height in pixel of the current image.
  • Georef extent (rectObj) : current georef extents.
  • MaxGeoref extent (rectObj) : (optional) maximum georef extents. If provided then it will be impossible to zoom/pan outside of those extents.
void zoomrectangle(rectObj oPixelExt, int nImageWidth, int nImageHeight, rectObj oGeorefExt)

Set the map extents to a given extents.

Parameters are :
  • oPixelExt (rect object) : Pixel Extents, with (0,0) at the top-left The rectangle contains the coordinates of the LL and UR coordinates in pixel. (the maxy in the rect object should be < miny value)

    ------- UR (values in the rect object : maxx, maxy)
    |     |
    |     |
    |     |
    ------
    LL (values in the rectobject minx, miny)
    
  • Width : width in pixel of the current image.

  • Height : Height in pixel of the current image.

  • Georef extent (rectObj) : current georef extents.

void zoomscale(double nScaleDenom, pointObj oPixelPos, int nImageWidth, int nImageHeight, rectObj oGeorefExt [, rectObj oMaxGeorefExt])

Zoom in or out to a given XY position so that the map is displayed at specified scale.

Parameters are :
  • ScaleDenom : Scale denominator of the scale at which the map should be displayed.
  • Pixel position (pointObj) : x, y coordinates of the click, with (0,0) at the top-left
  • Width : width in pixel of the current image.
  • Height : Height in pixel of the current image.
  • Georef extent (rectObj) : current georef extents.
  • MaxGeoref extent (rectObj) : (optional) maximum georef extents. If provided then it will be impossible to zoom/pan outside of those extents.
int queryByPoint(pointObj point, int mode, double buffer)
Query all selected layers in map at point location specified in georeferenced map coordinates (i.e. not pixels). The query is performed on all the shapes that are part of a CLASS that contains a Templating value or that match any class in a layer that contains a LAYER TEMPLATE value. Mode is MS_SINGLE or MS_MULTIPLE depending on number of results you want. Passing buffer -1 defaults to tolerances set in the map file (in pixels) but you can use a constant buffer (specified in ground units) instead. Returns MS_SUCCESS if shapes were found or MS_FAILURE if nothing was found or if some other error happened (note that the error message in case nothing was found can be avoided in PHP using the ‘@’ control operator).
int queryByRect(rectObj rect)
Query all selected layers in map using a rectangle specified in georeferenced map coordinates (i.e. not pixels). The query is performed on all the shapes that are part of a CLASS that contains a Templating value or that match any class in a layer that contains a LAYER TEMPLATE value. Returns MS_SUCCESS if shapes were found or MS_FAILURE if nothing was found or if some other error happened (note that the error message in case nothing was found can be avoided in PHP using the ‘@’ control operator).
int queryByShape(shapeObj shape)
Query all selected layers in map based on a single shape, the shape has to be a polygon at this point. Returns MS_SUCCESS if shapes were found or MS_FAILURE if nothing was found or if some other error happened (note that the error message in case nothing was found can be avoided in PHP using the ‘@’ control operator).
int queryByFeatures(int slayer)
Perform a query based on a previous set of results from a layer. At present the results MUST be based on a polygon layer. Returns MS_SUCCESS if shapes were found or MS_FAILURE if nothing was found or if some other error happened (note that the error message in case nothing was found can be avoided in PHP using the ‘@’ control operator).
int queryByIndex(layerindex, tileindex, shapeindex, addtoquery)
Add a specific shape on a given layer to the query result. If addtoquery (which is a non mandatory argument) is set to MS_TRUE, the shape will be added to the existing query list. Default behavior is to free the existing query list and add only the new shape.
int savequery(filename)
Save the current query in a file. Returns MS_SUCCESS or MS_FAILURE. Can be used with loadquery
int loadquery(filename)
Loads a query from a file. Returns MS_SUCCESS or MS_FAILURE. To be used with savequery.
void freequery(layerindex)
Frees the query result on a specified layer. If the layerindex is -1, all queries on layers will be freed.
int save(string filename)
Save current map object state to a file. Returns -1 on error. Use absolute path. If a relative path is used, then it will be relative to the mapfile location.
string getProjection()
Returns a string representation of the projection. If no projection is set, MS_FALSE is returned.
int setProjection(string proj_params, boolean bSetUnitsAndExtents)
Set map projection and coordinate system. Parameters are given as a single string of comma-delimited PROJ.4 parameters. The argument : bSetUnitsAndExtents is used to automatically update the map units and extents based on the new projection. Possible values are MS_TRUE and MS_FALSE. By default it is set at MS_FALSE
int setWKTProjection(string proj_params, boolean bSetUnitsAndExtents)
Same as setProjection(), but takes an OGC WKT projection definition string as input.

Note

setWKTProjection requires GDAL support

int getMetaData(string name)
Fetch metadata entry by name (stored in the WEB object in the map file). Returns “” if no entry matches the name.

Note

getMetaData’s query is case sensitive.

int setMetaData(string name, string value)
Set a metadata entry for the map (stored in the WEB object in the map file). Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.
int removeMetaData(string name)
Remove a metadata entry for the map (stored in the WEB object in the map file). Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.
array getLayersIndexByGroup(string groupname)
Return an array containing all the layer’s indexes given a group name.
array getAllGroupNames()
Return an array containing all the group names used in the layers.
array getAllLayerNames()
Return an array containing all the layer names.
boolean moveLayerUp(int layerindex)
Move layer up in the hierarchy of drawing.
boolean moveLayerDown(int layerindex)
Move layer down in the hierarchy of drawing.
array getlayersdrawingorder()
Return an array containing layer’s index in the order which they are drawn.
boolean setlayersdrawingorder(array layeryindex)
Set the layer’s order array. The argument passed must be a valid array with all the layer’s index. Return TRUE on success or else FALSE.
string processtemplate(array params, boolean generateimages)

Process the template file specified in the web object and return the result in a buffer. The processing consists of opening the template file and replace all the tags found in it. Only tags that have an equivalent element in the map object are replaced (ex [scaledenom]). The are two exceptions to the previous statement :

  • [img], [scalebar], [ref], [legend] would be replaced with the appropriate url if the parameter generateimages is set to MS_TRUE. (Note : the images corresponding to the different objects are generated if the object is set to MS_ON in the map file)
  • the user can use the params parameter to specify tags and their values. For example if the user have a specific tag call [my_tag] and would like it to be replaced by “value_of_my_tag” he would do
$tmparray["my_tag"] = "value_of_my_tag";
$map->processtemplate($tmparray, MS_FALSE);
string processquerytemplate(array params, boolean generateimages)
Process query template files and return the result in a buffer. Second argument generateimages is not mandatory. If not given it will be set to TRUE.

See also

processtemplate

string processlegendtemplate(array params)
Process legend template files and return the result in a buffer.

See also

processtemplate

int setSymbolSet(string fileName)
Load and set a symbol file dynamically.
int getNumSymbols()
Return the number of symbols in map.
int setFontSet(string fileName)
Load and set a new FONTSET.
int selectOutputFormat(string type)
Selects the output format to be used in the map. Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.

Note

the type used should correspond to one of the output formats declared in the map file. The type argument passed is compared with the mimetype parameter in the output format structure and then to the name parameter in the structure.

int saveMapContext(string filename)
Available only if WMS support is enabled. Save current map object state in WMS Map Context format. Only WMS layers are saved in the WMS Map Context XML file. Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.
int loadMapContext(string filename [, boolean unique_layer_name])
Available only if WMS support is enabled. Load a WMS Map Context XML file into the current mapObj. If the map already contains some layers then the layers defined in the WMS Map context document are added to the current map. The 2nd argument unique_layer_name is optional and if set to MS_TRUE layers created will have a unique name (unique prefix added to the name). If set to MS_FALSE the layer name will be the the same name as in the context. The default value is MS_FALSE. Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.
int applySLD(string sldxml)
Apply the SLD document to the map file. The matching between the sld document and the map file will be done using the layer’s name. See SLD HowTo for more information on the SLD support.
int applySLDURL(string sldurl)
Apply the SLD document pointed by the URL to the map file. The matching between the sld document and the map file will be done using the layer’s name. See SLD HowTo for more information on the SLD support.
string generateSLD()
Returns an SLD XML string based on all the classes found in all the layers.
string getconfigoption(string key)
Returns the config value associated with the key. Returns an empty sting if key not found.
int setconfigoption(string key, string value)
Sets a config parameter using the key and the value passed
int applyconfigoptions()
Applies the config options set in the map file. For example setting the PROJ_LIB using the setconfigoption only modifies the value in the map object. applyconfigoptions will actually change the PROJ_LIB value that will be used when dealing with projection.
int loadowsparameters(owsrequest request, string version)
Load OWS request parameters (BBOX, LAYERS, &c.) into map. Returns MS_SUCCESS or MS_FAILURE. 2nd argument version is not mandatory. If not given, the version will be set to 1.1.1
int owsdispatch(owsrequest request)
Processes and executes the passed OpenGIS Web Services request on the map. Returns MS_DONE (2) if there is no valid OWS request in the req object, MS_SUCCESS (0) if an OWS request was successfully processed and MS_FAILURE (1) if an OWS request was not successfully processed. OWS requests include WMS, WFS, WCS and SOS requests supported by MapServer. Results of a dispatched request are written to stdout and can be captured using the msIO services (ie. ms_ioinstallstdouttobuffer() and ms_iogetstdoutbufferstring())
int insertLayer( layerObj layer [, int nIndex=-1 ] )
Insert a copy of layer into the Map at index nIndex. The default value of nIndex is -1, which means the last possible index. Returns the index of the new Layer, or -1 in the case of a failure.
layerObj removeLayer( int nIndex )
Remove a layer from the mapObj. The argument is the index of the layer to be removed. Returns the removed layerObj on success, else null.

outputformatObj

Constructor

Instance of outputformatObj is always embedded inside the mapObj. It is uses a read only.

No constructor available (coming soon, see ticket 979)

Members

Type Name
string name
string mimetype
string driver
string extension
int renderer
int imagemode // MS_IMAGEMODE_* value.
int transparent

Methods

int set(string property_name, new_value)
Set object property to a new value.
void setOption(string property_name, string new_value)

Add or Modify the format option list. return true on success.

$oMap->outputformat->setOption("OUTPUT_TYPE", "RASTER");
string getOption(string property_name)
Returns the associated value for the format option property passed as argument. Returns an empty string if property not found.
void setFormatOption(string property_name, string new_value)
Deprecated. See setOption().
string getFormatOption(string property_name)
Deprecated. See getOption().

OwsrequestObj

Constructor

request = ms_newOwsrequestObj();

Create a new ows request object.

Members

Type Name
int numparams (read-only)
int type (read-only): MS_GET_REQUEST or MS_POST_REQUEST

Methods

int loadparams()
Initializes the OWSRequest object from the cgi environment variables REQUEST_METHOD, QUERY_STRING and HTTP_COOKIE. Returns the number of name/value pairs collected.
int setparameter(string name, string value)

Set a request parameter. For example :

$request->setparameter('REQUEST', 'GetMap');
string getname(int index)
Return the name of the parameter at index in the request’s array of parameter names.
string getvalue(int index)
Return the value of the parameter at index in the request’s array of parameter values.
string getvaluebyname(string name)
Return the value associated with the parameter name.

pointObj

Constructor

PointObj ms_newPointObj()

Members

Type Name
double x
double y
double z (used for 3d shape files. set to 0 for other types)
double m (used only for measured shape files. set to 0 for other types.)

Methods

int setXY(double x, double y [, double m])
Set X,Y coordinate values. Returns 0 on success, -1 on error.

Note

the 3rd parameter m is used for measured shape files only. It is not mandatory.

int setXYZ(double x, double y , double z, [, double m])
Set X,Y,Z coordinate values. Returns 0 on success, -1 on error.

Note

the 4th parameter m is used for measured shape files only. It is not mandatory.

int draw(mapObj map, layerObj layer, imageObj img, int class_index, string text)
Draws the individual point using layer. The class_index is used to classify the point based on the classes defined for the layer. The text string is used to annotate the point. Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.
double distanceToPoint(pointObj poPoint)
Calculates distance between two points.
double distanceToLine(pointObject p1, pointObject p2)
Calculates distance between a point ad a lined defined by the two points passed in argument.
double distanceToShape(shapeObj shape)
Calculates the minimum distance between a point and a shape.
int project(projectionObj in, projectionObj out)
Project the point from “in” projection (1st argument) to “out” projection (2nd argument). Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.
void free()
Releases all resources used by the object.

projectionObj

Constructor

ProjectionObj ms_newProjectionObj(string projectionstring)

Creates a projection object based on the projection string passed as argument.

$projInObj = ms_newprojectionobj("proj=latlong")

will create a geographic projection class.

The following example will convert a lat/long point to an LCC projection:

$projInObj = ms_newprojectionobj("proj=latlong");
$projOutObj = ms_newprojectionobj("proj=lcc,ellps=GRS80,lat_0=49,".
                                  "lon_0=-95,lat_1=49,lat_2=77");
$poPoint = ms_newpointobj();
$poPoint->setXY(-92.0, 62.0);
$poPoint->project($projInObj, $projOutObj);

Methods

int getUnits()
Returns the units of a projection object. Returns -1 on error.

querymapObj

Constructor

Instances of querymapObj are always are always embedded inside the mapObj.

Members

Type Name
int width
int height
int style (MS_NORMAL, MS_HILITE, MS_SELECTED)
colorObj color

Methods

int updateFromString(string snippet)
Update a queryMap object from a string snippet. Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.
int set(string property_name, new_value)
Set object property to a new value. Returns -1 on error.

rectObj

Constructor

rectObj are sometimes embedded inside other objects. New ones can also be created with:

RectObj ms_newRectObj()

Note

the members (minx, miny,maxx,maxy) are initialized to -1;

Members:

Type Name
double minx
double miny
double maxx
double maxy

Methods

int set(string property_name, new_value)
Set object property to a new value. Returns -1 on error.
void setextent(double minx, double miny, double maxx, double maxy)
Set the rectangle extents.
int draw(mapObj map, layerObj layer, imageObj img, int class_index, string text)
Draws the individual rectangle using layer. The class_index is used to classify the rectangle based on the classes defined for the layer. The text string is used to annotate the rectangle. Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.
double fit(int width, int height)
Adjust extents of the rectangle to fit the width/height specified.
int project(projectionObj in, projectionObj out)
Project the rectangle from “in” projection (1st argument) to “out” projection (2nd argument). Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.
void free()
Destroys resources used by a rect object.

referenceMapObj

Constructor

Instances of referenceMapObj are always embedded inside the mapObj.

Members

Type Name
string image
int width
int height
int status
rectObj extent
ColorObj color
ColorObj outlinecolor

Methods

int updateFromString(string snippet)
Update a referenceMap object from a string snippet. Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.
int set(string property_name, new_value)
Set object property to a new value. Returns -1 on error.

resultCacheMemberObj

Constructor

Instances of resultCacheMemberObj are always obtained through layerObj‘s getResult() method.

Members

Type Name
int shapeindex (read-only)
int tileindex (read-only)
int classindex (read-only)

Method

None

scalebarObj

Constructor

Instances of scalebarObj are always are always embedded inside the mapObj.

Members

Type Name
int height
int width
int style
int intervals
colorObj color
colorObj backgroundcolor
colorObj outlinecolor
int units
int status //MS_ON, MS_OFF, MS_EMBED
int position //for embedded scalebars, MS_UL, MS_UC, ...
int transparent (Deprecated in v4.6)
int interlace (Deprecated in v4.6)
int postlabelcache
labelObj label
colorObj imagecolor
int align

Methods

int updateFromString(string snippet)
Update a scalebar from a string snippet. Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.
int set(string property_name, new_value)
Set object property to a new value. Returns -1 on error.
int setimagecolor(int red, int green, int blue)
Sets the imagecolor property (baclground) of the object. Returns false on error.

shapefileObj

Constructor

shapefileObj ms_newShapefileObj(string filename, int type)

Opens a shapefile and returns a new object to deal with it. Filename should be passed with no extension. To create a new file (or overwrite an existing one), type should be one of MS_SHP_POINT, MS_SHP_ARC, MS_SHP_POLYGON or MS_SHP_MULTIPOINT. Pass type as -1 to open an existing file for read-only access, and type=-2 to open an existing file for update (append).

Members

Type Name
int numshapes (read-only)
int type (read-only)
string source (read-only)
rectObj bounds (read-only)

Methods

shapeObj getShape(int i)
Retrieve shape by index.
shapeObj getPoint(int i)
Retrieve point by index.
shapeObj getTransformed(mapObj map, int i)
Retrieve shape by index.
rectObj getExtent(int i)
Retrieve a shape’s bounding box by index.
int addShape(shapeObj shape)
Appends a shape to an open shapefile.
int addPoint(pointObj point)
Appends a point to an open shapefile.
void free()
Closes a shape file (and commits all changes in write mode) and releases all resources used by the object.

shapeObj

Constructor

ShapeObj ms_newShapeObj(int type)

‘type’ is one of MS_SHAPE_POINT, MS_SHAPE_LINE, MS_SHAPE_POLYGON or MS_SHAPE_NULL

ShapeObj ms_shapeObjFromWkt(string wkt)

Creates new shape object from WKT string.

Members

Type Name
string text
int classindex
int type (read-only)
int numlines (read-only)
int index
int tileindex (read-only)
rectObj bounds (read-only)
int numvalues (read-only)
array values (read-only)

The values array is an associative array with the attribute values for this shape. It is set only on shapes obtained from layer->getShape(). The key to the values in the array is the attribute name, e.g.

$population = $shape->values["Population"];

Methods

int set(string property_name, new_value)
Set object property to a new value. Returns -1 on error.
int add(lineObj line)
Add a line (i.e. a part) to the shape.
LineObj line(int i)
Returns a reference to line number i. Reference is valid only during the life of the shapeObj that contains the point.
int draw(mapObj map, layerObj layer, imageObj img)
Draws the individual shape using layer. Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.
boolean contains(pointObj point)
Returns MS_TRUE if the point is inside the shape, MS_FALSE otherwise.
boolean intersects(shapeObj shape)
Returns MS_TRUE if the two shapes intersect, MS_FALSE otherwise.
int project(projectionObj in, projectionObj out)
Project the shape from “in” projection (1st argument) to “out” projection (2nd argument). Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.
pointObj getpointusingmeasure(double m)
Apply only on Measured shape files. Given a measure m, retun the corresponding XY location on the shapeobject.
pointObj getmeasureusingpoint(pointObject point)
Apply only on Measured shape files. Given an XY Location, find the nearest point on the shape object. Return a point object of this point with the m value set.
void free()
Destroys resources used by a shape object.
string getvalue(layerObj layer, string filedname)
Returns the value for a given field name.
shapeobj buffer(width)
Returns a new buffered shapeObj based on the supplied distance (given in the coordinates of the existing shapeObj). Only available if php/mapscript is built with GEOS library.
shapeobj convexhull()
Returns a shape object representing the convex hull of shape. Only available if php/mapscript is built with GEOS library.
shapeobj boundary()
Returns the boundary of the shape. Only available if php/mapscript is built with GEOS library.
int containsShape(shapeobj shape2)
Returns true if shape2 passed as argument is entirely within the shape. Else return false. Only available if php/mapscript is built with GEOS library.
shapeobj union(shapeobj shape)
Returns a shape object representing the union of the shape object with the one passed as parameter. Only available if php/mapscript is built with GEOS library
shapeobj union_geos(shapeobj shape)
: (Deprecated in v5.2. Use union instead)
Returns a shape object representing the union of the shape object with the one passed as parameter. Only available if php/mapscript is built with GEOS library.
shapeobj intersection(shapeobj shape)
Returns a shape object representing the intersection of the shape object with the one passed as parameter. Only available if php/mapscript is built with GEOS library.
shapeobj difference(shapeobj shape)
Returns a shape object representing the difference of the shape object with the one passed as parameter. Only available if php/mapscript is built with GEOS library.
shapeobj symdifference(shapeobj shape)
Returns the computed symmetric difference of the supplied and existing shape. Only available if php/mapscript is built with GEOS library.
int overlaps(shapeobj shape)
Returns true if the shape passed as argument overlaps the shape. Else returns false. Only available if php/mapscript is built with GEOS library.
int within(shapeobj shape2)
Returns true if the shape is entirely within the shape2 passed as argument. Else returns false. Only available if php/mapscript is built with GEOS library.
int crosses(shapeobj shape)
Returns true if the shape passed as argument crosses the shape. Else return false. Only available if php/mapscript is built with GEOS library.
int touches(shapeobj shape)
Returns true if the shape passed as argument touches the shape. Else return false. Only available if php/mapscript is built with GEOS library.
int equals(shapeobj shape)
Returns true if the shape passed as argument is equal to the shape (geometry only). Else return false. Only available if php/mapscript is built with GEOS library.
int disjoint(shapeobj shape)
Returns true if the shape passed as argument is disjoint to the shape. Else return false. Only available if php/mapscript is built with GEOS library.
pointObj getCentroid()
Returns a point object representing the centroid of the shape. Only available if php/mapscript is built with GEOS library.
double getArea()
Returns the area of the shape (if applicable). Only available if php/mapscript is built with GEOS library.
double getLength()
Returns the length (or perimeter) of the shape. Only available if php/mapscript is built with GEOS library.
pointObj getLabelPoint()
Returns a point object with coordinates suitable for labelling the shape.
string toWkt()
Returns WKT representation of the shape’s geometry.
int setBounds()
Updates the bounds property of the shape. Must be called to calculate new bounding box after new parts have been added. Returns true if successful, else return false.

styleObj

Constructor

Instances of styleObj are always embedded inside the classObj.

styleObj ms_newStyleObj(classObj class [, styleObj style])

The second argument ‘style’ is optional. If given, the new style created will be a copy of the style passed as argument.

Members

Type Name
int symbol
string symbolname
double size
double minsize
double maxsize
int offsetx
int offsety
int antialias
colorObj color
colorObj backgroundcolor
colorObj outlinecolor
double width
double minwidth
double maxwidth
double angle
string angleitem
string sizeitem
double minvalue
double maxvalue
string rangeitem
int opacity (this parameter is only supported for the AGG driver)

Methods

int updateFromString(string snippet)
Update a style from a string snippet. Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.
int set(string property_name, new_value)
Set object property to a new value. Returns -1 on error.
styleObj clone()
Returns a cloned copy of the style.
int setBinding(const stylebinding, string value)

Set the attribute binding for a specfiled style property. Returns true on success. Added in MapServer 5.0.

$oStyle->setbinding(MS_STYLE_BINDING_COLOR, "FIELD_NAME_COLOR");

This would bind the color parameter with the data (ie will extract the value of the color from the field called “FIELD_NAME_COLOR”

string getBinding(const stylebinding)

Get the attribute binding for a specfiled style property. Returns null if there is no binding for this property.

$oStyle->setbinding(MS_STYLE_BINDING_COLOR, "FIELD_NAME_COLOR");
echo $oStyle->getbinding(MS_STYLE_BINDING_COLOR); // FIELD_NAME_COLOR
int removeBinding(const stylebinding)

Remove the attribute binding for a specfiled style property. Returns true on success. Added in MapServer 5.0.

$oStyle->removebinding(MS_STYLE_BINDING_COLOR);

symbolObj

Constructor

int ms_newSymbolObj(mapObj map, string symbolname)

Creates a new symbol with default values in the symbolist. Returns the Id of the new symbol. If a symbol with the same name exists, its id will be returned.

To get a symbol object, you need to use a method on the map object:

$oSymbol = $map->getSymbolObjectById($nId);

Members

Type Name
string name
type name //Please refer to symbol type constants
int inmapfile If set to TRUE, the symbol will be saved inside the mapfile.
double sizex
double sizey
int numpoints (Read-Only)
int filled
int patternlength (Read-Only)
int stylelength (Deprecated in v5.0, use patternlength instead.) (Read-Only)
string imagepath (Read-Only))
int transparent
int transparentcolor
string character
int antialias
string font
int gap (Deprecated in v6.0)
int position

Methods

int set(string property_name, new_value)
Set object property to a new value.
int setpoints(array double)
Set the points of the symbol. Note that the values passed if an array containing the x and y values of the points. Example array[0] = 1 : x value of the first point array[1] = 0 : y values of the first point array[2] = 1 : x value of the 2nd point ....
int setpattern(array int)
Set the pattern of the symbol (used for dash patterns)
array getpointsarray()
Returns an array containing the points of the symbol. Refer to setpoints to see how the array should be interpreted.
array getpatternarray()
Returns an array containing the pattern.
int setimagepath(char filename)
Loads a pixmap symbol specified by the filename. The file should be of either Gif or Png format.
int setstyle(array int)
Deprecated in v5.0, will be removed in a future release. Use setpattern() instead.
array getstylearray()
Deprecated in v5.0, will be removed in a future release. Use getpatternarray() instead.

Example of usage:

  1. create a symbol to be used as a dash line
$nId = ms_newsymbolobj($gpoMap, "mydash");
$oSymbol = $gpoMap->getsymbolobjectbyid($nId);
$oSymbol->set("filled", MS_TRUE);
$oSymbol->set("sizex", 1);
$oSymbol->set("sizey", 1);
$oSymbol->set("inmapfile", MS_TRUE);

$aPoints[0] = 1;
$aPoints[1] = 1;
$oSymbol->setpoints($aPoints);

$aPattern[0] = 10;
$aPattern[1] = 5;
$aPattern[2] = 5;
$aPattern[3] = 10;
$oSymbol->setpattern($aPattern);

$style->set("symbolname", "mydash");
  1. Create a TrueType symbol
$nId = ms_newSymbolObj($gpoMap, "ttfSymbol");
    $oSymbol = $gpoMap->getSymbolObjectById($nId);
    $oSymbol->set("type", MS_SYMBOL_TRUETYPE);
    $oSymbol->set("filled", true);
    $oSymbol->set("character", "&#68;");
$oSymbol->set("font", "ttfFontName");

webObj

Constructor

Instances of webObj are always are always embedded inside the mapObj.

Members

Type Name
string log
string imagepath
string template
string imageurl
string header
string footer
string empty (read-only)
string error (read-only)
string mintemplate
string maxtemplate
double minscaledenom
double maxscaledenom
double minscale (Deprecated in v5.0, use minscaledenom instead)
double maxscale (Deprecated in v5.0, use maxscaledenom instead)
rectObj extent (read-only)
string queryformat
string legendformat
string browseformat
hashTableObj metadata

Methods

int updateFromString(string snippet)
Update a web object from a string snippet. Returns MS_SUCCESS/MS_FAILURE.
int set(string property_name, new_value)
Set object property to a new value. Returns -1 on error.